- Crops & Livestock
- Pastures & Hay
- Soil & Water
- Processing & Marketing
- Farm Business Management
The most recent National Climate Assessment Report was released in November 2018 and continues to identify and predict the long-term effects of global climate change in the U.S. Reports in this series have established that the global climate is changing and that greenhouse gases from human activity are the dominant cause and that there is no alternative explanation supported by observable evidence. The reports point out that the increasing global temperature is resulting in changes in surface, atmospheric, and oceanic temperatures; melting glaciers; diminishing snow cover; shrinking sea ice; rising sea levels; ocean acidification; and increasing atmospheric water vapor. The most recent report includes specific impacts to agriculture, rural populations, and U.S. regions.
Keys messages nationally for agriculture and rural communities highlight reductions in the resource base, health challenges, and more, and point to issues that will require adaptation:
In addition, key messages for the Pacific Northwest point to the exposure of some of our natural and community resources. Climate change is already affecting the Northwest’s natural resources which support livelihoods, provide a foundation for rural, and tribal communities, and strengthen local economies. Climate and extreme events are already endangering a wide range of wildlife, fish, and plants which are tied to tribal subsistence culture and popular outdoor recreation. Water, transportation, and energy infrastructure face challenges from extreme weather events. Organizations and volunteers that make up the social safety net are stretch thin and will be further challenged by the increasing frequency of extreme events. And, communities on the front line of climate change experience the first and often the worst effects including tribes, those dependent on natural resources for their livelihoods, and the economically disadvantaged.
The 186-page Report-in-Brief is available as a downloadable PDF.