Biology and Control of Root Weevils on Berry and Nursery Crops in Oregon

Insects
Researchers recently developed a mass rearing system for the black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus) and strawberry root weevil (Otiorhynchus ovatus) and now are able to conduct controlled experiments to study their biology and to develop chemical and biological management systems.

Efficacy of Metarhizium anisopliae as a Curative Application for Black Vine Weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus) Infesting Container-Grown Nursery Crops

Insects
The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a curative drench application of M. anisopliae for controlling black vine weevil (BVW) larval infestations in container-grown nursery plants and the effect of temperature on the rate of fungal growth and speed of kill.

Examination of the Interaction Between the Black Vine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and an Entomopathogenic Fungus Reveals a New Tritrophic Interaction

Insect
The purpose of this study was to characterize the behavior of black vine weevil larvae, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.), in the presence of two possible control options: the synthetic pyrethroid bifenthrin and the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metch.) Sorokin.

Natural Occurrence of Entomopathogens in Pacific Northwest Nursery Soil and Their Virulence to the Black Vine Weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidea)

Insect
The black vine weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.) is the primary insect pest of field and container-grown woody ornamentals in the Pacifc Northwest (PNW). These studies were conducted to determine the natural occurrence of soil-borne entomopathogens in PNW nursery soils and determine their virulence to black vine weevil.

Ecology of Metarhizium anisopliae in Soilless Potting Media and the Rhizosphere: Implications for Pest Management

Insects
Studies on the biological control of black vine weevil (BVW) in container-grown ornamentals were conducted to determine the persistence and ecology of Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin incorporated into peat and bark-based potting media with and without a crab meal amendment in container-grown Picea abies ‘Nidiformis.’

Phosphorus Supply Alters Tuber Composition, Flower Production, and Mycorrhizal Responsiveness of Container-Grown Hybrid Zandtedeschia

Geophyte
The purpose of this study was to determine if arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation influences plant development, reproduction (vegetative and floral), and/ or tuber quality in calla lily (Zantedeschia spp. and hybrids).

Mycorrhizal Fungi in Rooting Substrate Influences the Quantity and Quality of Roots on Stem Cuttings of Hick’s Yew

Propagation
A report on research conducted to determine 1) whether the addition of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (VAMF) inoculum into the rooting substrate during cutting propagation increases rooting of hick’s yew and 2) how the quantity of VAMF inoculum influences the rooting of hick’s yew under nursery production conditions.

Cultivar Specific Effects of Mycorrhizal Fungi on the Rooting of Miniature Rose Cuttings

Propagation
The objective of the study was to determine whether addition of vesticular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (VAMF) inoculum into the rooting medium during cutting propagation would increase the quantity of rooting and the quality of rooted cuttings for different cultivars of miniature roses.

A Systematic Approach to Diagnosing Plant Damage

Management
A comprehensive guide for determining the difference between nonliving and living causes of plant damage. The authors also provide a list of available references for identifing plant problems, references topics vary from general plant problem diagnosis to crop specific.

Capillary Beds

Nursery Crops
A discussion about capillary beds and also a how to guide on the construction of the beds for nursery production. Topics addressed include the construction of capillary beds, costs (labor, equipment, materials), root growth and development, leaf scorch, and pathogens.

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