A Challenge for the New Millennium

Culture

John Lambrinos, assistant professor of horticulture with Oregon State University, discusses how the fields of horticulture and restoration ecology can work together in a mutually beneficial way to improve the environment.

Safe Procurement and Production Manual

Nursery crops

A systems approach for the production of healthy nursery stock. The manual, published by the Oregon Association of Nurseries, is divided into 3 main parts. A systems approach introduction, voluntary best practices for your nursery, and the next step: systems approach certification.

Confirmation of hyridity using GISH and determination of 18S rDNA copy number using FISH in interspecific F1 hybrids of Tecoma (Bignoniaceaea)

Breeding

This study on interspecific hybridization in Tecoma Juss. was conducted to develop novel forms for the nursery industry. The selection of species used in the study included T. garrocha, T. stans, T. guarume, and T. capensis.

Genetic Methods for Mitigating Invasiveness of Woody Ornamental Plants: Research Needs and Opportunity

Breeding

A review of the different means by which the potential for invasiveness in woody ornamentals can be reduced using genetic methods. Progress is reviewed in conventional breeding and transgenic biotechnology approaches to producing sterile forms of ornamental woody plants.

A Simple Chromosome Doubling Technique is Effective for Three Species of Cupressaceae

breeding

A recent report described a simple technique to double Cryptomeria japonica chromosomes. The objectives of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the technique and determine optimal treatment duration for doubling chromosome numbers in oriental arborvitae, american arborvitae, and western red cedar.

An Oryzalin-induced Autoallooctoploid of Hibiscus acetosella 'Panama Red'

breeding

Research was conducted to take advantage of the reduction in plant size and vigor often associated with induced polyploidy. The principle objectives were to induce polyploidy in seedlings from H. acetosella ‘Panama Red’ and to evaluate the effects on growth, morphology, and fecundity.

Oryzalin-induced Tetraploidy in Crytomeria japonica (Cupressaceae)

Breeding

Japanese-cedar (Crytomeria japonica) performs well under a range of soil and environmental conditions but has been underused in landscapes, in part, due to winter browning. In previous studies, chance seedlings that did not exhibit winter browning were identified as tetraploids. This study was conducted to induce polyploidy in Crytomeria japonica.

Sulfuric Acid Scarification of Callicarpa americana L. (Lamiaceae) Seeds Improves Germination

Propagation

An experiment was performed to determine a more effective protocol for germinating C. americana seeds. It was hypothesized that scarification with sulfuric acid would aid in breaking seedcoat dormancy, thereby resulting in more rapid and uniform germination.

Reproductive Behavior of Diploid and Allotetraploid Rhododendron L. 'Fragrant Affinity'

Breeding
This study was conducted to evaluate the fertility of diploid and allotetraploid forms of Rhododendron L. 'Fragrant Affinity' and to determine if induced polyploidy is an effective method for restoring fertility in hybrids of distantly related rhododendrons.

Natural Occurrence of Entomopathogens in Pacific Northwest Nursery Soil and Their Virulence to the Black Vine Weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidea)

Insect
The black vine weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.) is the primary insect pest of field and container-grown woody ornamentals in the Pacifc Northwest (PNW). These studies were conducted to determine the natural occurrence of soil-borne entomopathogens in PNW nursery soils and determine their virulence to black vine weevil.

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