An Express Route to Perfection

Breeding

A look into the world of plant breeding and the tools ornamental plant breeders have at their disposal to expedite breeding for specific traits. Topics addressed in the article include flow cytometry and molecular genetics.

Treating Irrigation Water

Irrigation

Growers can minimize their risk of exposure to plant diseases and reduce pesticide use by ensuring that their irrigation water is free of Pythium and Phytophthora species. The authors discuss several different disinfestation methods for nursery and greenhouse operations.

The Spread Offense Against Weeds

Weeds

A guide to help growers develop an effective weed management plan. Different strategies are presented on how to deal with annual and perennial weeds along with strategies for the growing issue of herbicide resistance in weeds.

Celebrating Cotoneaster

Breeding

Researchers evaluate selections from this sometimes underappreciated genus of landscape shrubs. Specific topics discussed in the article include landscape performance, disease resistance, and developing sterile cultivars.

Genetic Methods for Mitigating Invasiveness of Woody Ornamental Plants: Research Needs and Opportunity

Breeding

A review of the different means by which the potential for invasiveness in woody ornamentals can be reduced using genetic methods. Progress is reviewed in conventional breeding and transgenic biotechnology approaches to producing sterile forms of ornamental woody plants.

A Simple Chromosome Doubling Technique is Effective for Three Species of Cupressaceae

breeding

A recent report described a simple technique to double Cryptomeria japonica chromosomes. The objectives of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the technique and determine optimal treatment duration for doubling chromosome numbers in oriental arborvitae, american arborvitae, and western red cedar.

An Oryzalin-induced Autoallooctoploid of Hibiscus acetosella 'Panama Red'

breeding

Research was conducted to take advantage of the reduction in plant size and vigor often associated with induced polyploidy. The principle objectives were to induce polyploidy in seedlings from H. acetosella ‘Panama Red’ and to evaluate the effects on growth, morphology, and fecundity.

Oryzalin-induced Tetraploidy in Crytomeria japonica (Cupressaceae)

Breeding

Japanese-cedar (Crytomeria japonica) performs well under a range of soil and environmental conditions but has been underused in landscapes, in part, due to winter browning. In previous studies, chance seedlings that did not exhibit winter browning were identified as tetraploids. This study was conducted to induce polyploidy in Crytomeria japonica.

Sulfuric Acid Scarification of Callicarpa americana L. (Lamiaceae) Seeds Improves Germination

Propagation

An experiment was performed to determine a more effective protocol for germinating C. americana seeds. It was hypothesized that scarification with sulfuric acid would aid in breaking seedcoat dormancy, thereby resulting in more rapid and uniform germination.

The Effects of Methyl Bromide Alternatives on Soil and Seedling Pathogen Populations, Weeds, and Seedling Morphology in Oregon and Washington Forest Nurseries

Disease

Fumigation treatments (a conventional methyl bromide – chloropicrin application and reduced-rate alternative fumigant treatments) and a nonfumigated treatment were evaluated at forest nurseries in Oregon and Washington for their effects on soil pathogen populations, weeds, and seedling morphology.

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