Susceptibility of the Strawberry Crown Moth (Lepedoptera: Sesiidae) to Entomopathogenic Nematodes

Insects
The purpose of this research was to determine the susceptibility of the strawberry crown moth, Synanthedon bibionipennis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) larvae to two species of entomopathogenic nematodes. The entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser) strain Agriotos and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Steiner) strain Oswego were evaluated in laboratory soil bioassays and the field.

Impact of Fungicides on Metarhizium anisopliae in the Rhizosphere, Bulk Soil and In Vitro

Insects
These studies were conducted to determine the compatibility of M. anisopliae (F52) with a wide range of fungicides commonly applied to container-grown ornamentals for the management of soil-borne plant pathogens. In addition, the impact of fungicide application to M. anisopliae population in soilless potting media (bulk and rhizosphere soil) was also determined.

Diversity of Rhizosphere Associated Entomopathogenic Fungi of Perennial Herbs, Shrubs and Coniferous Trees

Insects
This study sought to ascertain if there was an association between host plant and species of fungi by using phylogenetic analysis to determine the prevalence of Metarhizium and Beauveria spp. isolated from the rhizosphere of strawberry, blueberry, grape and Christmas tree crops in the Willamette Valley of Oregon.

Laboratory Bioassays of Entomopathogenic Fungi for Control of Delia radicum (L.) Larvae

Insects
The objective of these studies was to determine the pathogenicity of entomopathogenic fungi against the cabbage maggot, Delia radicum (L.). The use of Metarhizium anisopliae isolate F52 in an integrated management program is discussed.

Effect of Potting Media Component on the Infectivity of Metarhizium anisopliae against the Black Vine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Insects
The purpose of this study was to determine the persistence, measured as efficacy against BVW larvae, of M. anisopliae in five (coir, fir bark, hemlock bark, peat moss and perlite) common components of soilless potting media.

Biology and Control of Root Weevils on Berry and Nursery Crops in Oregon

Insects
Researchers recently developed a mass rearing system for the black vine weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus) and strawberry root weevil (Otiorhynchus ovatus) and now are able to conduct controlled experiments to study their biology and to develop chemical and biological management systems.

Efficacy of Metarhizium anisopliae as a Curative Application for Black Vine Weevil (Otiorhynchus sulcatus) Infesting Container-Grown Nursery Crops

Insects
The objectives of this study were to determine the efficacy of a curative drench application of M. anisopliae for controlling black vine weevil (BVW) larval infestations in container-grown nursery plants and the effect of temperature on the rate of fungal growth and speed of kill.

Examination of the Interaction Between the Black Vine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and an Entomopathogenic Fungus Reveals a New Tritrophic Interaction

Insect
The purpose of this study was to characterize the behavior of black vine weevil larvae, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.), in the presence of two possible control options: the synthetic pyrethroid bifenthrin and the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metch.) Sorokin.

Natural Occurrence of Entomopathogens in Pacific Northwest Nursery Soil and Their Virulence to the Black Vine Weevil, Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidea)

Insect
The black vine weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus (F.) is the primary insect pest of field and container-grown woody ornamentals in the Pacifc Northwest (PNW). These studies were conducted to determine the natural occurrence of soil-borne entomopathogens in PNW nursery soils and determine their virulence to black vine weevil.

Ecology of Metarhizium anisopliae in Soilless Potting Media and the Rhizosphere: Implications for Pest Management

Insects
Studies on the biological control of black vine weevil (BVW) in container-grown ornamentals were conducted to determine the persistence and ecology of Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin incorporated into peat and bark-based potting media with and without a crab meal amendment in container-grown Picea abies ‘Nidiformis.’

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