Several insect pests of narrow leaf evergreen trees are discussed in regard to hosts, lifecycle, the type of damage caused, and control methods for each of the pests. The insects addressed are; the Cooley Spruce Gall Aphid (Adelges cooleyi), pine needle scale (Phenacaspis pinifoliae) and the black pineleaf scale (Nuculaspis californica), and Douglas fir needle midge (Contarinia spp).
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May 1976 Vol. 1, Issue 7 Pages 1-2
Joe Capizzi Extension Entomologist Oregon State University