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PI: Pat Hayes, Professor
Barley is unique in that it is an ideal model genetic system and an economically important crop. Our breeding program develops germplasm and varieties for Oregon first, and beyond that – wherever they can be useful. Our research focuses on quantitative traits of economic importance. These include quality (food and malting) and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses.
Graduate students are expected to demonstrate curiosity, motivation, hard work, and academic excellence. Graduate students will gain experience in the field, greenhouse, and lab. It is expected that Master’s students publish one journal paper and Ph.D. students two to three journal papers. Besides all these academic requirements, students need to have an adventurous and can-do attitude.
Doubled haploid phenotypic, marker-assisted, and genomic selection.
American Malting Barley Association, Agricultural Research Foundation, Barley Flavor Craft Brew Consortium, Busch Agricultural Resources, Great Western Malting, Idaho Barley Commission, National Science Foundation, Oregon Wheat Commission, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service and National Institute for Food and Agriculture
Twenty-six graduate students have completed thesis research with the barley project.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare) is an annual self-pollinating diploid grass. It originated in the Fertile Crescent, was the staple food of the Roman gladiators (the hordearii), and arrived in the Americas in 16th century. There are multiple classes of barley with the main distinguishing features being: Row Type(20row vs. 6-row), Hull Type (hulled vs. hull-less), Growth Habit (spring, facultative, winter), and End Use (malt, food, feed). Based on the spikelet arrangement, barley can classify into two-row or six-row. Two-row barley is commonly used in malting since the higher malting extarct yield.
Barley is the fourth most important cereal crop in the world. Barley is the base of beer and brewing in the US accounts for over 200 billion dollars in business activity. In 2013 there were 70,000 acres of barley grown in Oregon (winter barley). Over 25,000 Oregonians are employed in growing, processing, and brewing with barley.
See faculty profile and vita.
*Malting Barley Development and Release